En mars, la production pétrolière de l’OPEP+ a été en dessous des prévisions


Malgré la hausse régulière de son plateau de production depuis août 2021, l’OPEP peine à atteindre ses objectifs de production mensuels. PetroLogistics, une compagnie pétrochimique américaine, indiquait en mars que les exportations du cartel avaient baissé de 363 000 b/j par rapport à février.

L’OPEP+ n’a pas réussi à atteindre ses objectifs de production pour le mois de mars. C’est ce que révèle le dernier rapport du groupe de pays producteurs de pétrole. Le cartel a en effet produit 1,45 million de barils par jour de moins que prévu, cela alors que l’administration américaine d’information sur l’énergie misait en janvier dernier sur une hausse de 2,7 millions b/j entre 2021 et 2022.

Selon plusieurs sources concordantes, cette faible performance est principalement liée aux sanctions imposées à la Russie dans le cadre du conflit ukrainien. Des mesures qui ont eu pour conséquences de réduire la production pétrolière du pays et dans le même temps celle de l’alliance. La Russie a ainsi produit 10 018 millions b/j en mars, soit à peu près 300 000 b/j de moins que son objectif de production pour la période.

L’AIE indique que cette tendance baissière se maintiendra au cours des mois à venir. En effet, un rapport de l’institution publié la semaine dernière, prévoit que la production russe chute de 1,5 million b/j en avril. Des prévisions portées au double à partir du mai. A cela s’ajoutent les difficultés opérationnelles des pays producteurs d’Afrique occidentale dont le secteur énergétique fait face à une baisse des investissements liés au fossile suite au départ des compagnies pétrolières internationales.


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